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Object.values()方法返回一个给定对象自身的所有可枚举属性值的数组,值的顺序与使用for...in循环的顺序相同 ( 区别在于 for-in 循环枚举原型链中的属性 )。

语法

Object.values(obj)

参数

obj
被返回可枚举属性值的对象。

返回值

一个包含对象自身的所有可枚举属性值的数组。

描述

Object.values()返回一个数组,其元素是在对象上找到的可枚举属性值。属性的顺序与通过手动循环对象的属性值所给出的顺序相同。

示例

var obj = { foo: 'bar', baz: 42 };
console.log(Object.values(obj)); // ['bar', 42]

// array like object
var obj = { 0: 'a', 1: 'b', 2: 'c' };
console.log(Object.values(obj)); // ['a', 'b', 'c']

// array like object with random key ordering
// when we use numeric keys, the value returned in a numerical order according to the keys
var an_obj = { 100: 'a', 2: 'b', 7: 'c' };
console.log(Object.values(an_obj)); // ['b', 'c', 'a']

// getFoo is property which isn't enumerable
var my_obj = Object.create({}, { getFoo: { value: function() { return this.foo; } } });
my_obj.foo = 'bar';
console.log(Object.values(my_obj)); // ['bar']

// non-object argument will be coerced to an object
console.log(Object.values('foo')); // ['f', 'o', 'o']

 

Polyfill 

如果要 Object.values兼容不支持它的旧环境,可在 tc39/proposal-object-values-entries 或 es-shims/Object.values 中找到 Polyfill 。

根据Object.keys()的Polyfill仿写一个:

if (!Object.values) Object.values = function(obj) {
    if (obj !== Object(obj))
        throw new TypeError('Object.values called on a non-object');
    var val=[],key;
    for (key in obj) {
        if (Object.prototype.hasOwnProperty.call(obj,key)) {
            val.push(obj[key]);
        }
    }
    return val;
}

规范

Specification Status Comment
ECMAScript Latest Draft (ECMA-262)
Object.values
Draft Initial definition.
ECMAScript 2017 (ECMA-262)
Object.values
Standard  

浏览器兼容

Update compatibility data on GitHub
Desktop Mobile Server
Chrome Edge Firefox Internet Explorer Opera Safari Android webview Chrome for Android Edge Mobile Firefox for Android Opera for Android Safari on iOS Samsung Internet Node.js
Basic support Chrome Full support 54 Edge Full support 14 Firefox Full support 47 IE No support No Opera Full support 41 Safari Full support 10.1 WebView Android Full support 54 Chrome Android Full support 54 Edge Mobile Full support Yes Firefox Android Full support 47 Opera Android Full support 41 Safari iOS Full support 10.3 Samsung Internet Android Full support 6.0 nodejs Full support 7.0.0
Full support 7.0.0
Full support 6.5.0
Disabled
Disabled From version 6.5.0: this feature is behind the --harmony runtime flag.

Legend

Full support  
Full support
No support  
No support
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User must explicitly enable this feature.

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